Saturday, June 30, 2012

"Is My Child Behind?": 1 to 4 years old

Do you wonder if your toddler is developing normally?  Lots of parents ask me if their child is behind in speech or language, and the answer is never very clear-cut.  I took these charts from the ASHA (American Speech-Language Hearing Association) website and compiled them into one place for your reference.  Take a look and see if these confirm your concerns or if your child is doing pretty well for their age.  If you're still worried it's a good idea to consult a professional.  In the meantime you can try to implement some language-enhancing strategies.

1 to 2 years

Hearing and UnderstandingTalking
  • Points to a few body parts when asked.
  • Follows simple commands and understands simple questions ("Roll the ball," "Kiss the baby," "Where's your shoe?").
  • Listens to simple stories, songs, and rhymes.
  • Points to pictures in a book when named.
  • Says more words every month.
  • Uses some one- or two- word questions ("Where kitty?" "Go bye-bye?" "What's that?").
  • Puts two words together ("more cookie," "no juice," "mommy book").
  • Uses many different consonant sounds at the beginning of words.

2 to 3 years

Hearing and UnderstandingTalking

  • Understands differences in meaning ("go-stop," "in-on," "big-little," "up-down").
  • Follows two requests ("Get the book and put it on the table").
  • Listens to and enjoys hearing stories for longer periods of time

  • Has a word for almost everything.
  • Uses two- or three- words to talk about and ask for things.
  • Uses k, g, f, t, d, and n sounds.
  • Speech is understood by familiar listeners most of the time.
  • Often asks for or directs attention to objects by naming them.

3 to 4 years

Hearing and UnderstandingTalking

  • Hears you when you call from another room.
  • Hears television or radio at the same loudness level as other family members.
  • Answers simple "who?", "what?", "where?", and "why?" questions.

  • Talks about activities at school or at friends' homes.
  • People outside of the family usually understand child's speech.
  • Uses a lot of sentences that have 4 or more words.
  • Usually talks easily without repeating syllables or words.

1 comment:

  1. Hi,

    My name is John and I have a quick question about your blog! Could you please email me?

    Thank you,